Get Your FFL or SOT / Class 3 License

A Step by Step Guide to Obtaining a Firearms License

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FFL Type 01 through Type 11, Class 1 – 3 SOTs

Retail Sales, Manufacture, Distribute, Import or Export

Federal Compliance Across the US

The Most Complete
FFL and SOT Guide

  • Quick Start FFL and SOT
  • Overview of the Gun Control Act
  • Overview of the National Firearms Act
  • Understanding FFL Types and Use
  • Mastering the Application Process
  • Correcting Application Errors
  • Business Premise and Offsite Gun Shows
  • Obtaining a Special Occupation Tax (SOT)
  • License Renewal and Termination
  • And….Access to Orchid’s FFL Newsletter

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Common Customer Questions

What Are the FFL Types and Costs?


Type 01 FFL – Dealer in Firearms other than Destructive Devices

$200 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $90.
A Type 01 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business firearm dealing (e.g., in practical terms – a retail operation) and gunsmithing.

Type 02 FFL – Pawnbroker in firearms other than Destructive Devices

$200 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $90.
A Type 02 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of firearm pawn brokering (e.g., a “Pawn Shop”)

Type 03 FFL – Collector of Curios and Relics

$30 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $30.
A Type 03 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the collection of firearms. It is used for purchasing, or other acquisition or trading of collectable firearms that meet the definition of a “Curios and Relic” in the Federal Regulations.

Type 09 FFL – Dealer in Destructive Devices

$3,000 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $3,000.
A Type 09 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of dealing in Destructive Devices. Customers of Type 09 FFL include government agencies. A Type 09 FFL, along with Type 10 and 11 FFLs, also permit a licensee to engage in the business of dealing Armor Piercing Ammunition and Destructive Devices (DD) as classified under Federal Regulations.

Type 06 FFL – Manufacturer of Ammunition other than for Destructive Devices or Armor Piercing

$30 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $30.
A Type 06 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of manufacturing ammunition. However, a Type 06 FFL can only be used for ammunition and does not permit firearm related activities authorized by a Type 07 or Type 10 FFL, for example.

Type 07 FFL – Manufacturer of Firearms other than Destructive Devices

$150 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $150.
A Type 07 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of manufacturing firearms other than those defined as Destructive Devices in the Federal Regulations. The Type 07 FFL also permits a licensee to deal in firearms, similar in nature to the retail type of activities permitted by a Type 01 FFL.

Type 10 FFL – Manufacturer of Destructive Devices and Armor Piercing Ammunition

$3,000 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $3,000.
A Type 10 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of manufacturing Destructive Devices and Armor Piercing Ammunition.

Note – Those holding a manufacturer’s license (FFL Type 06, 07 or 10) may be required to register as a manufacturer with the Department of State’s Directorate of Defense Trade Control (DDTC) regardless of whether the manufacturer actually exports any of the items manufactured. Therefore, applicants intending to manufacture and/or export defense articles should review the requirements of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations.  Anyone interested in obtaining professional advisory services to register with the State Department may contact Orchid Advisors here.  

Type 08 FFL – Importer of Firearms and Ammunition other than Destructive Devices and Armor Piercing

$150 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $150.
A Type 08 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of importing firearms or ammunition into the United States.

Type 11 FFL – Importer of Destructive Devices and Armor Piercing Ammunition

$150 to apply, valid for 3 years and the FFL renewal cost is $150.
A Type 11 FFL permits a licensee to engage in the business of importing Destructive Devices and Armor Piercing Ammunition. Such products are imported for Government and Military contracts and cannot be imported for introduction into commerce with citizens for personal use.

What is an SOT or Class 3 Dealer License? 


Importer of NFA Firearms

A Class 1 SOT permits a licensee to engage in the importation of NFA firearms. It is used in conjunction with a Type 08 FFL or a Type 11 FFL. A Class 1 SOT costs between $500 to $1000 depending on the size of the business applying for the SOT.

Manufacturers of NFA Firearms

A Class 2 SOT permits a licensee to engage in the business of manufacturing NFA firearms. It us used in conjunction with a Type 07 FFL or a Type 10 FFL. A Class 2 SOT costs between $500 to $1000 depending on the size of the business applying for the SOT.

Dealer in NFA Firearms

A Class 3 SOT permits a licensee to engage in the business of dealing NFA firearms. It is used in conjunction with a Type 01 FFL, a Type 02 FFL or a Type 09 FFL. A Class 3 SOT costs $500.

SOTs are valid for one year, regardless of Class, and are valid from July 1 until June 30 of the next calendar year.  Regardless of when an applicant submits their application, there is no proration of the cost to be paid and the SOT will still expire on June 30th.